In Malaysia, the production of meat and meat-based products continues to increase every year. Poultry meat production in Malaysia has seen a growth rate of 12.5% per annum, increasing from 1.3 million MT (million tonnes) in 2010 to 1.5 million in 2013. Meat production is projected to achieve 2.1 million MT by 2020, with a growth rate of 2.7% per annum. Egg production is also expected to increase, with estimates hitting 773,000 MT in 2020 with a growth rate of 3.6% per annum. (Hashim, 2015) The demand for beef and mutton still far exceeds local supply, and Malaysia remains dependent on imported products from countries including Australia, New Zealand, India and Thailand. (Hashim, 2015)
An Overview by Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (2001)
The Malaysian livestock industry is an important and integral component of the agricultural sector, providing gainful employment and producing useful animal protein food for the population.
It contributes about 18 percent to the total Food Sector Agriculture Value Added and export earnings (NAP, 1998). The gross output value of livestock in 1999 was RM5.2 billion (DVS, 1999 [RM3.8/US$ at 5 July 2002]).The industry can be classified into the non-ruminant and the ruminant sub-sectors. It has shown a steady growth over the years attributed mainly to the active participation of the private sector, particularly in the sub-sectors of poultry, eggs and pork. Within a relatively short period of time the pig and poultry industries have been able to transform themselves from backyard subsistence levels to highly modern, commercial and efficient production systems.
The ruminant sub-sector, however, is not well developed in spite of the emphasis and priority it has received from the Government in its development plans. Cattle, buffalo, goat and sheep constitute the ruminant sub-sector and smallholders are the principal producers within this sub-sector. Malaysia is able to produce its own requirements for pork, poultry meat and eggs but has to import milk, beef and mutton….”
".... As a result, the country has seen an increase in its food import bill from RM4.6 billion in 1990 to RM10.0 billion in 1997. Thus, the Third National Agricultural Policy (NAP3, 1998-2010) emphasizes that “the further growth of the agricultural sector requires that the nation address the challenge of efficient and optimal utilization of existing resources in order to further improve competitiveness. Resource constraints and rapid changes in the global trading environment necessitate the development of a resilient agricultural sector and the enhancement of its global competitiveness ... The competitiveness of the sector will, among other things, be enhanced through productivity improvements, developing and strengthening markets, removal of market and trade distorting measures ...”.
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*Image credit to http://livestock.geo-wiki.org
Section 7: Animal Welfare
Section 7: Animal Welfare link to download the code in Bahasa (Coming Soon)
Messages for improving animal welfare at slaughter and during transport, adapted from the OIE Animal Welfare Standards
Complete workshop resource package for teaching industry stakeholders about the ‘Top 10’
Further resources are available on our resources page.
The Malaysian project team are instrumental in the success of this project not only in Malaysia, but also in the rest of our South East Asian collaborative countries. Professor Idrus is not only the coordinator of the Animal Welfare Standards Project in Malaysia, but is Co-Director with Professor Phillips for the project internationally. In addition to this, Unverisiti Putra Malaysia along with the Department of Veterinary Services in Malaysia are major sponsors for the international project.
Professor Dr. Zulkifli Idrus is currently the Director of Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM). He received Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and M.S. degrees from UPM in 1989 and 1992, respectively. He holds a PhD degree from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, U.S.A. His research career has focused on animal stress physiology and welfare, and nutritional requirements under stressful environment. Zulkifli was selected by the Academy Science Malaysia as one of the top Malaysian research scientists in 2012.