"The OIE Regional Animal Welfare Strategy (RAWS) for Asia provides a vision of “a region where the welfare of animals is respected, promoted and incrementally advanced, simulations with the pursuit of progress and socioeconomic development”
- OIE Regional Animal Welfare Strategy (2008)
In India, the production of meat increased by around 3% between 1990 and 2000. Poultry production during this time saw an increase of 11.8% per annum, and milk production saw a growth rate of 4.2% per annum. All other meats increased at a rate of less than 2% per annum during the same period (FAO, 2005).
In 2012, India reportedly had 512.1 million head of livestock, including 190.9million head of cattle, 65.1 million sheep and 10.3 million pigs. Poultry were counted separately and 2012 figures were recorded at 729.2 million. (National Dairy Development Board, 2017)
An Overview by Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (2005)
“Independent and relatively small-scale producers account for the bulk of poultry production. A significant feature of India’s poultry industry, however, has been its transformation from a backyard activity into a major commercial activity in a few decades, so much that today poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector.”
“The Operation Flood (OF) program, one of the world’s largest and most successful dairy development programs, was launched by the government in 1970. Operation Flood has led to the modernization of India’s dairy sector and has created a strong network for procurement, processing and distribution of milk by the cooperative sector, which continues to play an important role in keeping smallholders involved with this fast-growing sector.”
“India is a member of WTO since 1 January 1995. Over the years, it has also committed itself to a series of free and preferential trade agreements, including those with Thailand, the Association of South-East Asia Nations, Mercosur and Singapore.” (FAO, 2005).
Bangladesh has seen a livestock product growth rate of 5.4%, which has been dominated by the poultry sector. Despite this, development of the livestock sector has been held back by a range of factors, including lack of budget allocation and limitations in technology. (Livestock in Bangladesh: distribution, growth, performance and potential, Rahman S, 2014)
Recent Statistics for Bangladesh suggest livestock figures include approximately 25.7cattle, 14.8 million goats, 1.9 million sheep and 118.7 million chicken. Around 20% of the population depend on the cattle and poultry industries for their livelihood.
Bangladesh continues to suffer from an acute shortage of animal products such as milk, meat and eggs, reportedly as high as 85.9% for milk, 88.1% for meat and 70.7% for eggs. (Banglapedia, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, 2017)
“Bangladesh is a low income rural economy with the livestock sector accounting for around 3 percent of GDP.”
“The majority of poor rural households raise livestock, which provide power for cropping, transport, threshing and oil-seed crushing; manure as a source of fertilizer and fuel; a ready source of cash; and meat, milk and eggs for human consumption. Most livestock are managed traditionally and production coefficents are unsatisfactory.”
“Bangladeshi development objectives for the livestock sector are to increase outputs of animal products by improving animal health and introducing modern methods of production, expanding technical skills of the farmers, and building a supportive policy framework and infrastructure. Commercial poultry, beef and dairy farms would also be promoted in areas around large cities as well as in rural areas to meet the demands of urban consumers and create links with export markets.” (FAO, 2005)
The ruminant sub-sector, however, is not well developed in spite of the emphasis and priority it has received from the Government in its development plans. Cattle, buffalo, goat and sheep constitute the ruminant sub-sector and smallholders are the principal producers within this sub-sector. Malaysia is able to produce its own requirements for pork, poultry meat and eggs but has to import milk, beef and mutton….”
".... As a result, the country has seen an increase in its food import bill from RM4.6 billion in 1990 to RM10.0 billion in 1997. Thus, the Third National Agricultural Policy (NAP3, 1998-2010) emphasizes that “the further growth of the agricultural sector requires that the nation address the challenge of efficient and optimal utilization of existing resources in order to further improve competitiveness. Resource constraints and rapid changes in the global trading environment necessitate the development of a resilient agricultural sector and the enhancement of its global competitiveness ... The competitiveness of the sector will, among other things, be enhanced through productivity improvements, developing and strengthening markets, removal of market and trade distorting measures ...”.