"The OIE Regional Animal Welfare Strategy (RAWS) for Asia provides a vision of “a region where the welfare of animals is respected, promoted and incrementally advanced, simulations with the pursuit of progress and socioeconomic development” - OIE Regional Animal Welfare Strategy (2008)
China is the world’s highest producer of farmed pork, chicken and eggs, with over half a billion pigs thought to be on farms, 20 million slaughtered per week, 5 billion chickens raised for slaughter per year and estimates of over 2,600 billion hens in battery cages (FAO, 2016).
Chinese pork production continues to grow, with production figures for 2017 forecast at nearly 53.8 MT (million tonnes). This represents a 4% increase from 2016 production. Prices for pork are expected to continue to rise (USDA, 2016).
Prior to 2015, China’s top suppliers of white-feathered broiler grandparent stock were the United States and France but, due to avian influenza concerns, shipments are currently restricted, which is expected to lead to a drop in China’s broiler meat production in 2017. The reduction in grandparent stock has also led China’s poultry industry to further use forced-molting to increase egg production.
China’s beef cattle industry is still dominated by small backyard farms. Beef production for 2017 is forecast at 7.0 MT. (USDA, 2016)
Livestock is a key sector in China's agriculture and a top priority target for rapid development and modernization in China's current 5-year plan.
China is the world’s largest livestock producer and consumer. China has more than 400 million cattle, sheep and goats, but pig and poultry meat and meat products are the most popular meat consumed in China. However, the consumption of beef and beef products, fresh milk and dairy products such as yogurt is increasing rapidly and is strongly encouraged by the Chinese government as a means of improving national health - especially for the elderly and the young through schemes such as the School Milk Program.
It is forecasted that China's consumption of meat and dairy products will continue to climb sharply due to a rising population, strong growth in per capita income, improvement in domestic meat and dairy production systems, greater access to meat and dairy products in the western and central parts of China due to better transportation and distribution systems, shifting consumption patterns and lower prices.
Key poultry production provinces: Shandong, Sichuan and Guangdong
Key pork production provinces: Sichuan, Hunan, Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Anhui and Yunnan
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Information from Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
*Image credit to http://livestock.geo-wiki.org
Section 7: Animal Welfare
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Messages for improving animal welfare at slaughter and during transport, adapted from the OIE Animal Welfare Standards
Complete workshop resource package for teaching industry stakeholders about the ‘Top 10’
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Professor Liao Xin Di is currently based in the College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University (SCAU), Guangzhou, China PR, and has specific research interests in environmental control and livestock health, and livestock manure management.
Dr Wang Yan has attained her PhD & is now an Associate Professor in College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University (SCAU), Guangzhou, China PR. Her research interests include environmental risk control of livestock pollutants, and livestock environment management.